Chidori (千鳥) – a staggered pattern — more specifically, one in which the joints of the second row fall halfway between those of the first, and so on — as opposed to one in which 4 corners meet at a single point. Though structural plywood and flooring should be fixed in chidori for obvious reasons, even non-structural plywood and sheetrock should be done in chidori to avoid breaking of the finished surface (such as wallpaper or paint) at the joints. Using both glue between joints and the chidori pattern significantly enhances joint integrity.
Downsides to chidori are additional required framing due to more joints, as well as time spent on making more cuts. However, if you have the time and resources, chidori is definitely the way to go!